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Kerala is a state with a long and rich archaeological history. Archaeological excavations in the state have uncovered a wealth of artifacts, providing valuable insight into the history and culture of the region. From the Stone Age to the colonial period, Kerala has been home to many ancient sites, which are a testament to its long and varied past.
The Bronze Age in Kerala saw the emergence of early urban settlements such as Tharisapalli and Kodungallur. These sites were important trading hubs between the ancient civilizations of the Indus Valley and the Mediterranean. At Tharisapalli, archaeologists have discovered several Bronze Age artifacts, including pottery, terracotta figurines, and coins.
The Iron Age in Kerala saw the rise of the Chera Dynasty, which ruled the region from the seventh century BC to the twelfth century AD. During this time, a number of ancient cities flourished, such as Kollam, Calicut and Kottayam. Archaeological excavations in these cities have unearthed a wealth of artifacts, including pottery, jewelry, coins, tools, weapons, and sculptures.
In addition to the ancient cities, Kerala is also home to a number of archaeological sites from the medieval period. These include the ancient temples of Tirunavaya, Guruvayur and Kodungallur, as well as the forts of Bekal and Palakkad. These sites provide valuable insight into the culture and history of the region during the medieval period.
Kerala is also home to a number of archaeological sites from the colonial period, such as the churches and forts of Fort Kochi and the Portuguese settlement of Vypin. These sites provide valuable insight into the history of European colonization of the region.
Kerala is also home to some of the oldest Hindu temples in India. These include the Guruvayur Temple, the Padmanabhaswamy Temple, and the Sabarimala Temple. Archaeological excavations at these sites have unearthed a wealth of artifacts, including sculptures, coins, and pottery, providing valuable insight into the history of Hinduism in Kerala.
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