Geography of Ernakulam
The Ernakulam district is situated on the Western Coastal Plains of India and covers an area of 3,068 km2 (1,185 sq mi). It is surrounded by the Thrissur District to the north, the Idukki District to the east, Alappuzha and Kottayam districts to the south and the Laccadive Sea to the west. It has a moderate climate and mostly falls within the Malabar Coast moist forests ecoregion, while the highlands are part of the South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests ecoregion.
The Periyar River, Kerala's longest, flows through all the taluks except Muvattupuzha. The district is divided into highland, midland, and coastal area and has two Urban Agglomerations, Kochi and Kothamangalam. Mangalavanam Bird Sanctuary and Thattekad Bird Sanctuary are two of the many popular wildlife destinations in the district. The flora of the district is tropical and includes coconut palms, paddy, tapioca, pepper, pineapple, teak, rosewood, and mahogany.
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